Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resource (PCRWR) reported that Pakistan’s water level could go absolutely “scarce” by 2025. While the report has approximated a timeframe of eight years, many experts believe that the impending water crisis could start from as early as next year.
Dangers of the water crisis in Pakistan have been in our contemplation for years, keeping in mind that the government has failed to build any proper storage facility like water dams to store surplus water during the rainy season. As a result, a large portion of surplus water is wasted as Pakistan does not have the proper storage system even after 70 years of its independence.
The meteorological department says that it had been giving warnings about a drought for past few years but the government paid no heed to it. Pakistan’s poor management of its water resources is a major reason for the water loss. Pakistan is already the fourth-highest user of water and thus it needs proper resources and water management to cut down the wastage.
The decline in rainfall has further increased water shortage in Pakistan. If the government does immediately start taking proactive measures to curtail any more impending dooms, building more dams in the future will become a possibility and the surplus water can be stored for the drought season. Pakistan has not built any dam since the 1960s and with the current capacity of those dams, the country can only store water for 30 days.
While the shortage of water is a problem, another haunting problem faced by Pakistan is the scarcity of drinking water available to the population. Per capita water availability in the country has fallen from 5,000 cubic meters to only 1,000 cubic meters. The water available to the population is also contaminated and 69% of the water suppliers don’t even meet the standards of National Standards for Drinking Water Quality.
The contaminated water being consumed by the people is a major source of diseases amongst the people. According to UNIDO and World Bank, children are the most affected by contaminated water as 90% of diarrhea cases are reported due to poor water being consumed. 200,000 children in Pakistan die from diarrhea every year.